Pharmaceutical Amoxicillin 500mg x 15 Capsules


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Amoxicillin 500mg x10

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Amoxicillin 500mg Drug Classification: 

Antibiotic; Penicillin-class
Active substance: Amoxicillin
Form: 500mg x 15 capsules
Active half-life: 1 to 1.5 hours
Acne: Rarely
Water retention: No
Hbr: No
Hepatotoxicity: Low
Aromatization: No

What is Amoxicillin?

Amoxicillin 500mg is a broad-spectrum antibiotic belonging to the penicillin class. It is used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections, including respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, skin infections, and ear infections. Amoxicillin works by inhibiting the synthesis of bacterial cell walls, leading to the destruction of the bacteria. This medication is highly effective against various gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, making it a versatile choice for treating infections. It is available in capsule form, ensuring convenient and effective dosing for patients.

Recommended Dosage for Amoxicillin

The recommended dosage of Amoxicillin varies depending on the type and severity of the infection. For adults and children over 40 kg, the typical dose is 500mg taken every 8 hours or 875mg every 12 hours. In more severe infections, the dose may be increased to 1 gram every 8 hours. It is important to follow the healthcare provider’s instructions and complete the full course of antibiotics to ensure the infection is fully eradicated and to prevent the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

How Does Amoxicillin Work?

Amoxicillin works by interfering with the ability of bacteria to form cell walls, which are essential for their survival. Specifically, it binds to penicillin-binding proteins inside the bacterial cell wall, inhibiting the transpeptidation enzyme responsible for cross-linking the peptidoglycan chains. This action weakens the cell wall and leads to cell lysis, effectively killing the bacteria. This mechanism makes Amoxicillin a potent antibiotic against a variety of bacterial pathogens, helping to resolve infections and alleviate symptoms quickly.

Benefits of Taking Amoxicillin

  • Effective Infection Control: Quickly resolves bacterial infections, improving symptoms.
  • Broad-Spectrum Activity: Effective against a wide range of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
  • Convenient Dosage Form: Available in easy-to-take capsules.
  • Rapid Onset of Action: Provides quick relief from infection-related symptoms.
  • Prevents Complications: Reduces the risk of infection-related complications by effectively eradicating bacteria.

When Should You Take Amoxicillin?

Amoxicillin should be taken exactly as prescribed by a healthcare provider. It is typically taken every 8 or 12 hours, depending on the prescribed dose. For optimal absorption, Amoxicillin can be taken with or without food. It is crucial to complete the entire course of treatment, even if symptoms improve before finishing the medication, to ensure the infection is fully treated and to prevent antibiotic resistance.

When Should You Not Take Amoxicillin?

Amoxicillin is contraindicated in individuals with a known allergy to penicillin or any of its derivatives. Patients with a history of severe allergic reactions to any beta-lactam antibiotics should avoid Amoxicillin. It should be used with caution in individuals with a history of liver disease, renal impairment, or gastrointestinal diseases such as colitis. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult their healthcare provider before taking Amoxicillin to ensure it is safe for them.

What is the Mechanism of Amoxicillin?

Amoxicillin’s mechanism involves binding to penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) on the bacterial cell wall, inhibiting the final stage of bacterial cell wall synthesis. This prevents the formation of cross-links in the peptidoglycan layer, which is crucial for cell wall structural integrity. Without a stable cell wall, bacteria are unable to maintain osmotic balance and eventually lyse. This bactericidal action effectively eliminates the bacterial population causing the infection, leading to symptom relief and recovery.

Uses of Amoxicillin 500mg

  • Respiratory Tract Infections: Treats conditions like bronchitis, pneumonia, and sinusitis.
  • Urinary Tract Infections: Effective against infections of the bladder and kidneys.
  • Skin Infections: Treats infections like cellulitis and impetigo.
  • Ear Infections: Commonly prescribed for otitis media.
  • Gastrointestinal Infections: Used for infections like H. pylori-associated ulcers.

Warnings and Precautions for Amoxicillin 500mg

  • Allergy Warning: Be aware of potential allergic reactions, which can be severe.
  • Renal Impairment: Dosage adjustments may be necessary for patients with kidney disease.
  • Liver Function: Monitor liver function in patients with preexisting liver conditions.
  • Superinfections: Prolonged use may result in secondary infections, such as yeast infections.
  • Drug Interactions: Inform your healthcare provider of all medications being taken to avoid interactions.

Side Effects of Amoxicillin 500mg

  • Common Side Effects: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and skin rash.
  • Severe Side Effects: Anaphylaxis, severe skin reactions, and liver toxicity.
  • Gastrointestinal Issues: Stomach pain, flatulence, and colitis.
  • Neurological Effects: Rarely, may cause dizziness or seizures in susceptible individuals.
  • Hematologic Effects: Rare cases of hemolytic anemia or leukopenia.

Drug Interactions of Amoxicillin 500mg

  • Oral Contraceptives: May reduce the effectiveness of birth control pills.
  • Anticoagulants: May enhance the anticoagulant effect, increasing bleeding risk.
  • Allopurinol: Concurrent use may increase the risk of rash.
  • Methotrexate: May increase toxicity of methotrexate.
  • Probenecid: Can increase amoxicillin levels by reducing renal excretion.

Storage for Amoxicillin 500mg

Store Amoxicillin 500mg capsules at room temperature, between 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). Keep the medication in its original container, tightly closed, and away from moisture and light. Do not store it in the bathroom. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Dispose of any expired or unused medication properly, according to local regulations.

Where to Buy Amoxicillin 500mg?

Amoxicillin 500mg capsules can be purchased from Steroid Direct UK. Steroid Direct UK provides a reliable and convenient source for this essential antibiotic, ensuring that all products are authentic and sourced from reputable suppliers. When you buy from Steroid Direct UK, you can trust the quality and safety of the medication, helping you confidently manage your treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: How long does it take for Amoxicillin to work?

A: You may start to feel better within a few days, but it’s important to complete the entire course of antibiotics to ensure the infection is fully treated.

Q: Can I drink alcohol while taking Amoxicillin?

A: While alcohol does not directly interact with Amoxicillin, it is advisable to avoid alcohol to allow your body to effectively fight the infection and reduce the risk of side effects.

Q: What should I do if I miss a dose?

A: Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, unless it is almost time for your next dose. Do not double up to make up for a missed dose.

Q: Can Amoxicillin be used in children?

A: Yes, Amoxicillin is commonly prescribed for children in appropriate doses based on their weight and the severity of the infection.

Q: Are there dietary restrictions while taking Amoxicillin?

A: There are no specific dietary restrictions, but taking Amoxicillin with food may help reduce stomach upset.

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